Vegetable oil

last updated : 2019/08/27
Code Description Ind. price Ship. weight Ship. vol.
FOILGROURE01
OIL, groudnuts, refined, per liter on request 0,9kg 1,35L Add
FOILMAIZRE01
OIL, maize, refined, per liter on request 0,9kg 1,35L Add
FOILOLIVCP01
OIL, olive, from cold press, virgin, per liter on request 0,9kg 1,35L Add
FOILPALMRE01
OIL, palm, 1liter CH 1,26 0,9kg 1,35L Add
FOILRAPERE01
OIL, rapeseed, 1liter CH 2,00 0,9kg 1,35L Add
FOILSOYARE01
OIL, soyabean, 1liter CH 2,00 0,9kg 1,35L Add
FOILSUNFRE01
OIL, sunflower, 1liter CH 1,20 0,9kg 1,35L Add

General information

Edible refined vegetable oils.

Raw material must be sourced from responsible farming sources (RSPO certified farms).

Products must be fit for human consumption, free from unpleasant odour and taste and be of sound, fair and marketable quality.

Products must be free from any objectionable matter; not contain any substances originating from micro-organisms or any other poisonous or deleterious substances such as anti-nutritional factors, heavy metals or pesticide residues, in amounts which may represent a hazard to health.

A lot of attention must be paid to the quality of the packaging.  Oil is the product where most leakage problems occur.

Impact on local, national, or regional market availability and prices should be reviewed  before purchasing large quantities.

Product shall be free of visual fungal/mould growth or yeast.

Product should be of Non-GMO origin/seed and manufacturer must be able to prove authenticity when asked for or audited.

Oil should always be bought in litres. One kg of oil makes different quantities as each oil has its own specific weight, and always make more than 1 litre (palm oil 890g/l, soyabean oil 920g/l, rape seed oil 912g/l, sunflower oil 922g/l, at 20°C).

Import of food is always subject to acceptance from  national authorities, based on national and/or internationally accepted guidelines; suppliers must be able to verify if product can be supplied in line with requested specifications.

Refined palm oil. Palm oil is derived from the fleshy mesocarp of the fruit of the oil palm (Elaeis guineensis) and includes edible red palm oil and edible bleached palm oil. Palm Oil usually is quite reddish in colour but can also be golden yellow, depending on the refining process.

Palm Olein. This oil is the result of the fractioning of Palm Oil into Palm Olein and Stearin. Palm Olein is sold as an RBD product, meaning “Refined, Bleached and Deodorized”. Whereas refined Palm Oil will usually be viscous, Palm Olein will be liquid at room temperature

Virgin Olive oil. Virgin olive oils are obtained from the fruit of the olive tree solely by mechanical or other physical means under conditions, particularly thermal conditions that do not lead to alterations in the oil and which have not undergone any treatment other than washing, decanting, centrifuging and filtration. No additives are permitted. The general aspect of the oil should be clear oil, of a yellow to green colour, with specific odour and taste, free from odours or tastes indicating alteration or pollution of the oil.

Specifications

For all aspects of the products, unless described otherwise here below, the standard of Codex Alimentarius last edition applies, including the packaging.

 

Below, you will find the most commonly used specifications. Please refer to HQ when offered specifications differ from the standard specifications. These will need to be approved by a food specialist prior to purchase.

 

Products must be:

-       In accordance with the present specifications.

-       Free from abnormal flavour/odour and living insects/pests.

-       Expiry date: Minimum 1 year at date of delivery.

-       Delivered goods to be according to approved sample.

Analysis of contaminants must state that the oil is "fit for human consumption", in particular regarding heavy metals, radio-activity, pesticides and mineral oil.

 

PALM OLEIN

Colour (Lovibond 5 1/4" cell)

Red 3 max./Yellow 30 max.

Foreign odours and flavours

Nil

Mix of other type of oil

Nil

Moisture and volatile matter

0.2% maximum

Insoluble impurities

0.05% max.

Free fatty acids

0.1 max. expressed as palmitic acid

Acid value

0.6% KOH mg/1g oil max.

Peroxide value

2 milliequivalents peroxide oxygen/kg oil max.

Melting point

24°C max.

Soap content

0.005% max.

Saponification value

194 - 202 mg KOH/g of oil

Unsaponifiable matter

1.3% max.

Iodine number (Wijs)

>= 56g per 100g oil

Palmitic acid

38 to 43.5% of total fatty acids present

Cholesterol

Not more than 4% of total sterol content

Oleic acid

39.8 to 46% of total fatty acids present

Refractive Index (n°40/D)

1.458 - 1.460

Relative Density (40°C/water at 20°C)

0.889 - 0.920

Authorised additives

Max. 75mg of butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT-E-321) per kg of oil

Vitamin A enrichment

45 000 – 60 000 IU / litre

Heavy metals

  • Lead (Pb)
  • Arsenic (As)
  • Iron (Fe)
  • Copper (Cu)
  • Mercury (Hg)

 

  • 0.1 ppm max.
  • 0.1 ppm max.
  • 1.5 ppm max.
  • 0.1 ppm max.
  • 0.1 ppm max.

Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAH)

  • PAH heavy
  • PAH total
  • Benzo(a)pyrene

 

 

  • 5 ppb max.
  • 25 ppb max.
  • 2 ppb max.

Radionuclide contamination

None

Production

Fresh production

Expiry date

Minimum 2 years at date of delivery

 

RAPE SEED OIL      E.U. Specifications C 312/12 31.10.2000

Water and volatile matter

0.2% max.

Insoluble impurities

0.05% max.

Soap

0.005% max.

Free fatty acids

0.15 max. expressed as oleic acid

Erucic acid

5% max. of total fatty acids present

Brassicasterol

5-13% of total sterol content

Foreign odours and flavours

Nil

Specific weight at 20C°

0.910 - 0.92g/cm³

Refractive index at 40C°

1.465 - 1.469

Authorised additives

Max. 75mg of butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT-E-321) per kg of oil

Peroxide number

Max. 10 milliequivalents of active oxygen/kg of oil or Max. 2 milliequivalents in case of supply ex works or free at port of shipment

Vitamin A enrichment

60 000 IU/L

 

 

SOJA BEAN OIL

Appearance at ambient temperature

Clear and shining

Water and volatile matters

0.2% maximum

Insoluble impurities

0.05% maximum

Free fatty acids

0.15% maximum, expressed as oleic acid

Colour Lovibond

5 1/4" (red/yellow) max. 1.5/15

Soap

0.005% maximum

Foreign odours and flavours

Nil

Peroxide number maximum

10 milliequivalents of active oxygen/kg of oil (max. 2 milliequivalents in case of supply ex works or free at port of shipment)

Specific weight at 20°C

0.919 - 0.925g/cm³

Refractive index at 40°C

1.466 - 1.47

Iodine number (Wijs)

125- 140 g/100g

Authorised additives

Max. 75mg of butylated per kg of oil hydroxytoluene (BHT-E-321)

Expiry date

1 year minimum

Vitamin A enrichment

60 000 IU/L

 

REFINED SUNFLOWER OIL

Colour

The oil shall be transparent without any sediment

Organoleptic

Visual appearance: clear

Odour: light, free from abnormal smell or taste

Foreign odours and flavours

Nil

Mix of other type of oil/mineral oil

Nil

Moisture and volatile elements

0.2% maximum

Insoluble impurities

0.05% max.

Free fatty acids

0.15 max. expressed as oleic acid

Acid value

0.6 mg KOH/g oil max.

Iodine Value

118-141

Linoleic acids (C 18.2)

48.3 - 74% max. of total fatty acids

Delta-7-stigmasterol

6.5 - 20% of total sterol content (if this fails, then test for brassicasterol, campesterol, campestanol, sitosterol, sitostanol)

Brassicasterol

0.5% of total sterol content

Soap content

0.005% max.

Peroxide number

2 milliequivalents max. of active oxygen/kg of oil

Relative Density at 20°C

0.918 - 0.923 g/cm3

Refractive index at 40°C

1.461 - 1.468

Authorized additives

75 mg (max.) of butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT-E-321) per kg of oil

Vitamin A fortification

45 000 - 60 000 IU/kg

Heavy metals

  • Lead (Pb)
  • Arsenic (As)
  • Iron (Fe)
  • Copper (Cu)
  • Mercury (Hg)

To be provided by supplier for crude oil used

  • 0.1 ppm max.
  • 0.1 ppm max.
  • 1.5 ppm max.
  • 0.1 ppm max.
  • 0.1 ppm max.

Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons  (PAH)

  • PAH heavy
  • PAH total
  • Benzo(a)pyrene

 

 

  • 5 ppb max.
  • 25 ppb max.
  • 2 ppb max.

Optional: an environmental parameter, can be used for testing when product is being sourced from a factory for the 1st time

Brand

To be indicated

Origin

To be indicated

Production

Fresh production

 

VIRGIN OLIVE OIL

Type

Virgin oil

Moisture and volatile elements

0.2% maximum

Insoluble impurities

0.1% max.

Saponification value (mg KOH/g oil)

184 - 196

Relative density ( 20°c/water at 20 °C)

0.910 - 0.916

Refractive Index

1.4677 - 1.4705

Unsaponifiable matter

15 g/kg max.

Iodine value

75 - 94

Mix with other type of oil(s)

Not allowed

Acidity expressed as oleic acid

≤ 2 grams per 100 grams

Peroxide number O2/kg at port of shipment

≤20 MEQ of active oxygen/Kg oil

Waxes

≤ 250 mg/Kg

Stigmastadiene

≤ 0.15 mg/Kg

Colour

  • Absorbency in ultra violet K232 nm
  • Absorbency in ultra violet K270 nm

 

  • ≤ 2.6

 

  • ≤ 0.25

 

 

Free fatty acids

  • Oleic acid C18:1
  • Linoleic Acid C18:2
  • Saturated fatty acids position 2 of triglyceride
  • Translolenic isomers
  • Translolenic + translinolenic isomers

 

  • 55 – 83% of total fatty acid
  • 3.5 – 21% of total fatty acid
  • ≤ 1.5% ( sum of palmitic & stearic acids)

Other Fatty Acids to be tested if these go out of range

  • ≤ 0.05% of total fatty acid
  • ≤ 0.05% of total fatty acid

Total sterols

  • Brassicasterol
  • Campesterol
  • Stigmasterol
  • Betasitosterol
  • Delta-7 stigmasterol
  • ≥1000 mg/kg
  • ≤ 0.1% (of total sterol)
  • ≤ 4% (of total sterol)
  • ≤ campesterol
  • ≥93% (of total sterol)
  • ≤ 0.5% (of total sterol)

Heavy metals

  • Lead (Pb)
  • Arsenic (As)
  • Iron (Fe)
  • Copper (Cu)

To be tested by the Supplier and lab results to be submitted

  • 0.1 ppm max.
  • 0.1 ppm max.
  • 1.5 ppm max.
  • 0.1 ppm max.

Microbiology

  • Total plate count for aerobic bacteria/germs

 

  • Nil

Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons  (PAH)

  • PAH heavy
  • PAH total
  • Benzo(a)pyrene

 

 

  • 5 ppb max.
  • 25 ppb max.
  • 2 ppb max.

Compulsory for new manufacturers, and when possible industrial activity around factory

Net weight

1 Litre

Brand

To be indicated

Origin

To be indicated

Shelf life

24 months

 

REFINED MAIZE OIL      E.U. Specifications:(C312/1331.10.2000)

Water and volatile matter

0.2% max.

Insoluble impurities

0.05% max

Free fatty acids

0.15 max. expressed as oleic acid

Linoleic acid

50-62 % max. of total fatty acids present

Oleic acid

35 % max. of total fatty acids present

Palmitic acid

8-14 % max. of total fatty acids present

Iodine number (Wijs)

103-128 g/100g

Colour (Lovibond 5¼" cell)

Red/yellow 3/25 maximum

Soap

0.005% max.

Foreign odours and flavours

Nil

Peroxide number

Max. 10 milliequivalents of active oxygen/kg of oil or max. 2 milliequivalents in case of supply ex works or free at port of shipment

Specific weight at 20C°

0.917-0.925g/cm³

Refractive index at 40C°

1.465 - 1.468

Authorised additives

Max. 75mg of butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT-E-321) per kg of oil

Vitamin A enrichment

60 000 IU/L

 

GROUNDNUT OIL

Water and volatile matter

0.2% max.

Insoluble impurities

0.05% max.

Free fatty acids

0.15 max. expressed as oleic acid

Linolenic acid

0.5% max. of total fatty acids present

Delta-7-stigmasterol

Minimum 9% of total sterol content

Brassicasterol

0.5% of total sterol content

Soap

0.005% max.

Foreign odours and flavours

Nil