Shovel

last updated : 2019/03/19
Code Description Ind. price Ship. weight Ship. vol.
RAGRTOOLSHO2
SHOVEL, round point with Y handle, total lenght approx.1m CH 20,00 1,66kg 6,048L Add
RAGRTOOLSHO3
SPADE SHOVEL, square point, D handle CH 15,20 1,5kg 5,985L Add
RAGRTOOLSHO4
SHOVEL, round point, 22cm, with long handle CH 28,50 0kg 0 Add
RAGRTOOLSHO5
SHOVEL, camping, folding in 2 pieces on request 0kg 0 Add

General information

A general purpose or agricultural tool, for beneficiary distributions. Forged iron tools, strong and durable.

Local customs and basic tool shapes vary worldwide. Check the appropriateness of the tool, prior to purchasing. The way in which the tool’s head is secured to the handle also varies (e.g., sunken eye, raised eye, spike).

Generally, cast iron tools are more fragile than forged tools. Some manufacturers produce very low-quality tools. Test several samples to their breaking point, prior to purchasing. Refer to Strength testing procedures in Specifications.

  • The terms "cast" and "forged" refer to the manufacturing process used to form the head of the tool.
  • Casting involves turning metal into its molten liquid state, which is then poured into a mould to form the head of the tool.
  • Forging involves pounding or compressing metal, in its solid form (cold or hot red), into the desired tool shape; thereafter, a number of other machining steps are necessary to complete the production.

Handles are often purchased separately from wood suppliers, or can be made locally by the beneficiaries. Where purchased, specify the required minimum length, diameter and type of wood.

Some specifications may vary with national standards and local market conditions. For locally sourced items, check the relevant national standards or specifications. Any important variation from the EIC standard needs to be approved by a specialist.

Specifications

SHOVEL

Pressed carbon steel, hardened and tempered.

Quality:

No excess of metal, no dents, no cracks.

Rockwell hardness C (HRC):

35 minimum to 48 maximum

Carbon content:

0.4% to 0.5%

Manganese content:

0.5% to 0.8%

Silicone content:

0.25% maximum

Phosphorus and Sulphur:

0.06% maximum

Dimension, full piece:

295 x 225 mm

Hole diameter:

front side 36 mm, back side 40 mm

Weight:

1kg +/- 50g, without handle

Strength testing:

  • Fitted with a standard hardwood handle and clamped by the blade, near the handle, in a horizontal position, a load of 45kg is gradually applied and maintained for 2 minutes. This results in no damage to the blade or loosening of the handle and no permanent set in excess of 25mm.
  • With one centimetre of the end of the blade fixed in a clamp, the handle is moved back and forth 30 degrees. No permanent set greater than 25mm results.
  • With the shovel held in a digging position, a piece of wood 37mm in diameter is hit hard against it. The blade does not buckle or break.

 

If supplied with handle:

Smooth surface: no chips, rough surfaces, holes or knots. Dry, strong flexible wood. Handle adjusted to head in order to protrude through the other side of the eye, where it is secured with a metal nail.

The other end of the handle is made in a Y-shape with same quality of wood. The branches of the Y handle in one piece only, of good quality iron securely fitted to the handle.