Seeds

last updated : 2011/01/01
Code Description Ind. price Ship. weight Ship. vol.
RSEEAMAR01B
AMARANTH, seeds, Inca, in bag CH 18,00 0kg 0 Add
RSEEBAGPSM01
BAG, PLASTIC, for tree seeding, small size on request 0kg 0 Add
RSEEBEAN01B
BEANS, seeds, bag 100g on request 0kg 0 Add
RSEEBEAN02
BEANS, seeds, var. "Carioca" CH 0,63 0kg 0 Add
RSEEBEAN03
BEANS, seeds, var. "Manteiga" on request 0kg 0 Add
RSEEBEAN04
BEANS, seeds, var. "Reiados" CH 1,60 0kg 0 Add
RSEEBEET01B
BEETROOT, seeds, bag 5g CH 0,02 0kg 0 Add
RSEECABB01B
CABBAGE, seeds, bag 5g CH 0,01 0kg 0 Add
RSEECABB02B
CABBAGE, Chinese, seeds, bag CH 23,00 0kg 0 Add
RSEECABB03B
CABBAGE, Drum-head, seeds, bag CH 34,00 0kg 0 Add
RSEECARR01B
CARROT, seeds, bag 5g CH 0,02 0kg 0 Add
RSEECEDA01
CEDAR tree, seedlings CH 120,00 0kg 0 Add
RSEECUCU01B
CUCUMBER, seeds, bag 5g CH 0,03 0kg 0 Add
RSEEEGPL01B
EGGPLANT, seeds, bag 5g CH 0,02 0kg 0 Add
RSEEEUCA01
EUCALYPTUS tree, seedlings CH 52,00 0kg 0 Add
RSEEGNUT01
GROUNDNUT, seeds, with shell CH 0,86 0kg 0 Add
RSEEGRAS01
GRASS, seeds for lawn, per kg CH 0,53 0kg 0 Add
RSEEGREV01
GREVILLEA, seedlings CH 170,00 0kg 0 Add
RSEEGRPE01B
GREEN-PEPPER, seedlings, bag CH 30,00 0kg 0 Add
RSEELEEK01B
LEEK, seeds, bag 5g CH 0,03 0kg 0 Add
RSEELETT01B
LETTUCE, seeds, bag 5g CH 0,06 0kg 0 Add
RSEEMAIZ01
MAIZE, seeds for sowing CH 0,53 0kg 0 Add
RSEEMILL01
MILLET, seeds, Finger millet CH 0,53 0kg 0 Add
RSEEOKRA01
OKRA, Clemson spineless, seeds CH 11,00 0kg 0 Add
RSEEOKRA01B
OKRA, Clemson spineless, seeds, in bag CH 0,20 0kg 0 Add
RSEEONIO01
ONION, seeds CH 1,80 0kg 0 Add
RSEEONIO01B
ONION, seeds, in bag on request 0kg 0 Add
RSEEPEAS01B
PEAS, seeds, bag 100g CH 0,07 0kg 0 Add
RSEEPEPP01
PEPPER, chili pepper Barli, seeds on request 0kg 0 Add
RSEEPEPP01B
PEPPER, chili pepper Barli, seeds, bag on request 0kg 0 Add
RSEEPEPP02B
PEPPER, sweet pepper, seeds, bag CH 0,50 0kg 0 Add
RSEEPINT01
PINE TREE, seedlings CH 94,00 0kg 0 Add
RSEEPOTA01
POTATOE, seedlings CH 0,16 0kg 0 Add
RSEERICE01
RICE, seedlings CH 0,74 0kg 0 Add
RSEESESA01
SESAME, seeds CH 1,60 0kg 0 Add
RSEESORG01
SORGHUM, seeds CH 0,74 0kg 0 Add
RSEESPIN01B
SPINACH, seeds, bag 50g CH 0,63 0kg 0 Add
RSEESVEGPEAC
SEEDS, cowpeas, Ken Kunde 1 CH 23,00 0kg 0 Add
RSEETOMA01B
TOMATOE, seeds, bag 5g CH 0,05 0kg 0 Add
RSEEWHEA01
WHEAT, seeds CH 0,42 0kg 0 Add

General information

Seeds for general distribution in agricultural projects, following a survey by an agronomist.

Germination tests are needed to ensure the quality of the seeds. Specialized laboratories and the ICRC/IFRC agronomist can perform these tests. Each type of crop has a specific percentage of germination.

Movement Seed kits: a collection of seeds to re-start local agricultural production, the composition of which should be established by an agronomist.

Seeds are environment-specific as well as being specific to regions and social-cultural groups. Household livelihoods are greatly dependent on the quality of the seeds. Therefore, quality always takes precedence over price, and the selection must be supervised by an ICRC or IFRC agronomist.

The type of packaging should be clearly defined, taking into account both distribution needs and user constraints. Packaging materials should also be defined, including the type of markings used on individual bags, and any external packaging.

Choosing seed varieties:

  1. -      Crops have many seed varieties. Depending on the emergency, the agronomist should recommend 2 to 3 seed varieties for each crop.
  2. -      Favour purchases from organized local seed producers or farmers; both are more likely to have well-known and well-adapted regional varieties (additionally, this can also provide support to the local economy).
  3. -      Exotic or genetically improved varieties should be familiar to the beneficiary (with a previous cultivation of at least two seasons); importation must follow the rules and regulations within the country.
  4. -      Due to the potential for a dramatic and negative impact on the local production system, hybrids and genetically modified seeds must not be introduced in regions where they have never been cultivated previously..

Seed delivery:

  1. -      Ensure farmers are notified in a timely manner in order to that they can prepare their fields according to the seasonal calendar.
  2. -      Ensure the timely delivery of seeds before the beginning of sowing season; however, avoid delivers that arrive too far ahead of the planting season as the seeds could be eaten.
  3. -      Consider the distribution of a food ration to prevent the seeds from being eaten.

Local suppliers: Require direct selection and inspection by a qualified agronomist.

Specifications

Seeds of good merchantability, free of GMOs and hybrids (unless otherwise specified).

The standard set out by the International Seed Testing Association (ISTA) apply for all product aspects (includes phytosanitary certificate, certificate of origin), unless otherwise stated below.

Technical requirements for all seed types:

Moisture, cereal seed kinds:

11-13% by weight.

Moisture, legumes, particularly oily types:

10-12% by weight.

Infestations and diseases:

Free from any infestation or disease.

Genetic purity, cereal grains:

4% maximum off-type

Genetic purity, other crop seed:

1% maximum off-type for industrially-produced seeds (more from local producers - to be discussed locally).

Physical purity:

Must indicate trace amounts of weed and broken seeds. Inert matter and naked caryopses are permitted. Seed lots should be processed to remove the bulk of the impurities and, for cereal rice, most of the empty florets.

Germination:

Minimum 80% (75% in exceptional cases).

Fumigation:

When necessary, or as mentioned in the contract.

 

 

Specific technical requirements for certain type of seeds:

Refer to ICRC-ECOSEC Reference Manual for more details; available from ICRC HQ.

 

Groundnuts

Groundnuts, shelled form only.

Purity analysis: 55-65% by weight, should stipulate "Pure Live Seed". The remaining portion of the sample (% by weight) will be shells, inert matter and shrivelled seeds.

 

Vegetative crops: (e.g., cassava sticks, sweet potatoes vines)

Vegetative crops have to be visually inspected in the field prior to purchasing; this is the only way to identify differen varieties, to confirm a virus-free product (e.g. cassava by leaves) and to confirm the use of proper cultivation methods.

 

Tubers Crops:

Inspect tubers prior to transport from the supplier's warehouse (e.g., inspection could find frozen potatoes in Bosnia and rotten ones in Angola).

 

Inspection:

During the seed processing period, the purchaser has the right to assign seed inspectors to the supplier's production sites, and can conduct seed-sample testing to confirm viability and genetic purity, etc. Seed lots that do not comply with the quality standards set out in the contract can be rejected. The seeds can also be tested just prior to their delivery.

 

If small weight scales are not available and time is a limiting factor, a quick count testing and a genetic seed-count off-type testing can be undertaken. Quick seed testing for germination and purity analysis can be performed on 2 replicates of 50 seeds each, 4 replicates of 100 seeds each, or 2 replicates of 100 seeds each.

 

Packaging and markings

Individual and external packaging and markings, as per contract specifications.

 

Documentation

Variety description: according to the International Union for the Protection of New Varieties of Plants (UPOV) or to the country's national registration book.

Certificates of origin.

Certificate of quality.

Plant health certificate, Phytosanitary certificate.

Fumigation certificate.

Orange ITSA international certificate.

Declaration of the presence or non-presence of GMO.